do you know, Why is Chhath Puja celebrated?, Do you know what is Chhath Puja and who does it? Maybe you guys already have information about Chhath Puja. The answer to many may be yes, which is justified. But now the question arises that you know Why is Chhath Puja celebrated? If not, then today’s article is going to be very informative for you.
Chhath Puja is a very big festival celebrated by the people of the Hindu religion, which is celebrated continuously for four days. Chhath festival is also known as Chhath Puja, Chhath, Dala Chhath, Chhathi Mai, Chhath Mai, Shashthi Surya, and Shashthi. This festival is mainly celebrated in Bihar, Jharkhand, and Eastern Uttar Pradesh of India, while talking about other countries, this festival is also celebrated in the Terai regions of Nepal. Chhath Puja is dedicated to Surya.
According to mythological belief, the sixth mother is the sister of Lord Surya. The festival of Chhath Puja is celebrated with great pomp, especially in Bihar. The people of Bihar consider it their biggest festival and in a way this festival has become their culture. At the same time, you have to read this article completely to get complete information about why Chhath Puja is celebrated. Then without delay let’s start.
What is Chhath Puja?
Chhath festival, Chhath or Shashthi Puja is a Hindu festival celebrated on the sixth day of Kartik Shukla Paksha. This unique folk festival of sun worship is mainly celebrated in North India. This is a festival that has been going on since Vedic times. Chhath festival is mainly celebrated according to Sun worship, Usha worship and Arya tradition in Rigveda written by sages. Chhath Puja is dedicated to Sun, Usha, Prakriti, Water, Vayu and his sister Chhathi Maiya.
There is no idol worship involved in Chhath. Chhath Mahaparva begins on the Chaturthi Tithi of Kartik Shukla Paksha and ends on the Saptami of Kartik Shukla Paksha. This festival includes holy bath, fasting, standing in water for a long time, and offering prasad and arghya. The tradition of this festival is very difficult. And without these traditions this festival is incomplete. The pomp of this festival is seen in Bihar. It is believed that this festival is going on since the Vedic period. The mention of the Chhath Puja festival is also found in Ramayana and Mahabharata, that is, this festival is celebrated during the Ramayana period and Mahabharata periods Coming from
Sun is mainly worshiped in Chhath Puja. But unlike other Hindu festivals, it does not involve idol worship. Apart from the people of the Hindu religion in Bihar, people of Islam and other religions also celebrate. There are some mythological beliefs behind this festival and many stories related to it are also prevalent.
|other names||Chhath, Chhath festival, Dala Chhath, Dala Puja, Surya Shashthi|
|who do||Magahi, Maithili, Bhojpuri, Awadhi, Sadan, Tharu and Madheshi Hindu|
|obedience||People gather at the pond to worship Surya, the sun god and Chhathi Maiya.|
|Date||Kartik Shukla Shashthi|
When is Chhath Puja in 2022?
In 2022, Chhath Puja is on 30 October, Sunday.
History of Chhath Puja
Chhath Puja Many stories related to this are prevalent which are related to the Vedic period, Ramayana period and Mahabharata period, etc. That is why Chhath Puja i.e. Sun worship is considered very important. Let us make you aware of some stories related to Chhath Puja.
According to the belief of the Mahabharata period Beginning of Chhath Puja The Mahabharata happened from the time itself. Karna was the son of the Sun God and was also the ultimate devotee of Lord Surya. It is believed that Karna used to offer Arghya to Surya by standing in water up to half his waist for several hours every day and it was only with the blessings of Lord Surya he became a great warrior.
According to a belief in the Ramayana period, when Lord Rama had conquered Lanka, on the day of the establishment of Ramrajya, on the sixth day of the Shukla Paksha of Kartik month, Lord Rama and Mother Sita worshiped and worshiped Surya and again on the day of Saptami. By performing the rituals, the blessings of the Sun God were obtained.
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When is Chhath Puja celebrated?
festival of chhath puja comes twice a year. According to the Hindi calendar, the festival of Chhath Puja is celebrated on the sixth day of the Shukla Paksha of the month of Kartik and the second comes on the sixth date of the month of Chaitra, but mainly the festival of Chhath Puja is celebrated in the month of Kartik. The festival of Chhath Puja is celebrated every year.
There are many mythological beliefs behind celebrating the festival of Chhath Puja on this day and many stories related to this day are also prevalent. The rituals of the Chhath Puja festival are considered very strict. This, from waterless fasting to offering Sun Arghya by standing in water, etc., which the worshiper has to do in this festival. According to environmentalists, the festival of Chhath Puja is considered to be friendly to nature.
Why is Chhath Puja celebrated?
The festival of Chhath Puja is celebrated for the safety and health benefits of all the family members. On this day worship is done for the natural beauty and welfare of the family. It is believed that by performing Chhath Puja, happiness and prosperity remain in the family and desired results are obtained.
Some women observe a fast on this day for the attainment of the son’s gem and wishing for the well-being of the son. Well this day man and woman Both fast almost equally. Men also keep this strict fast to get their desired results. The patient or the sick family members perform Chhath Puja to get rid of the disease.
Method of Chhath Puja
Most important in Chhath festival Chhath Vrat And this fast is very difficult. This festival is celebrated continuously for four days and its beginning is considered to be from the Chaturthi date of Shukla Paksha of Kartik month.
On the first day, Arva rice and pumpkin curry made of rock salt and ghee are eaten as prasad, then the fast starts the next day.
On the second day, fasting is to be observed without consuming food and water, and in the evening, kheer made of jaggery or song juice and rice is to be consumed in solitude, after which it is distributed to all the members of the house as prasad. Arghya is offered to the setting sun on the day of Shashti Tithi and there is a tradition of offering Arghya to the rising sun on the last day of Saptami.
Importance of Chhath Puja
The importance of Chhath Puja Not only from the mythological point of view but also from the scientific point of view. Lord Surya is specially worshiped on Chhath Puja. The rays of the sun are considered very beneficial. In the festival of Chhath Puja, only natural things are used like bamboo, natural fruits, flowers, sugarcane juice, etc.
Chhath Puja fast is kept for natural beauty and health benefits. It is believed that women keep this fast for the attainment of a son’s gem and wish for the well-being of the son. Chhath Vrat By keeping it one gets the desired result. This day is also considered special from a scientific point of view.
What is the mythological significance of Chhath?
Apart from these stories, another legend is also prevalent. According to the Puranas, a king named Priyavrata had no children. He tried his best for this but to no avail. Then Maharishi Kashyap advised the king to perform Putrayeshti Yagya in order to get a child.
After the yajna, the queen gave birth to a son, but he was born dead. The whole city mourned the news of the dead child of the king. It is said that when the king was preparing to bury the dead child, a luminous plane from the sky landed on the earth.
The goddess sitting in it said, ‘I am Shashti Devi and the protector of all the children of the world.’ Saying this, the goddess touched the dead body of the infant, from which he became alive. Since then, the king has announced the celebration of this festival in his kingdom.
How is Chhath Puja celebrated?
The festival of Chhath Puja is mainly celebrated in Bihar. In Bihar, this festival is celebrated with great pomp. The main part of the Chhath Puja festival is Chhath fast. Chhath Vrat includes strict rules of keeping food and water without food, offering Arghya to the Sun while standing in water up to the waist, accepting prasad in solitude, taking special care of cleanliness, etc.
On this day both the wives of Surya Usha i.e. sunrise and Pratyusha i.e. sunset are also worshipped. The folk songs of Shashti Mata are very popular in Bihar. Chhath Puja At the beginning of the festival, the echoes of Chhath Mata folk songs are heard from homes and temples. Chhath Puja has become a tradition in Bihar.
The first tradition of Chhath festival is to bathe and eat
On the Chaturthi Tithi of Kartik Shukla Paksha, the first tradition of Chhath Mahaparva is followed. The first day of Chhath festival i.e. Chaturthi of Kartik Shukla Paksha is celebrated as bathing and eating. According to this tradition, first of all the house is cleaned and purified. After this, Chhathvati starts the fast by taking bath after taking pure vegetarian food. All the other members of the house take food only after the fasting members have eaten. Pumpkin-gram dal and rice are taken as food.
Kharna is the second tradition of Chhath festival.
The tradition is followed on the second day of Chhath festival. On the second day of Kartik Shukla Panchami, the fasting people take food in the evening after fasting for the whole day. It is called ‘Kharna’. As the prasad of Kharna, rice kheer made in sugarcane juice is made with milk, rice pita and ghee Chupdi roti. No salt or sugar is used in it.
Third tradition of Chhath festival Arghya to the setting sun
The main day of Chhath festival is Kartik Shukla Shashthi, that is, the third day. Chhath Prasad is made on this day. Thekuas make rice laddus as prasad. Apart from this, the fruit is also included in the form of Chhath Prasad. In the evening, after all the preparations and arrangements, the Arghya soup is decorated in a bamboo basket and the family and all the people of the neighborhood along with the fast go towards the Ghat to offer Arghya to the setting sun. All Chhathvrati perform Arghya Daan collectively on the banks of the pond or river. Water and milk are offered to the Sun and Chhathi Maiya is worshiped with a soup filled with prasad.
Chhath festival ends with the fourth tradition
Arghya is offered to the rising sun on the morning of Kartik Shukla Saptami on the fourth day. On the Saptami day of Kartik Shukla Paksha, the devotees re-assemble at the place where they offered Arghya in the evening. Vratis offer Arghya to the rising sun in the morning by staying in waist-filled water. And the fasting people complete the fast by drinking raw milk syrup and eating some prasad.
What happens in Chhath Puja?
In Chhath Puja, sandalwood, rice, vermilion, incense sticks, kumkum, camphor, fruits, honey- turmeric, radish, green plant of ginger, etc.
Where is Chhath Puja celebrated?
Chhath Puja is celebrated mainly in the states of Uttar Pradesh and Bihar in India.
Who is worshiped on Chhath festival?
The Sun God and Chhath Mata are worshiped on Chhath festival. It is said that those who worship Chhath Mata’s brother Surya Dev, then Chhath Mata is pleased with those people and gives them the boon they want.
What is the mythological story behind celebrating Chhath festival?
In ancient times there was a king. His name was King Priyavrata. The king had no children, that is why King Priyavrata used to be very sad and worried. One day King Priyavrata met Maharishi Kashyap. King Priyavrat told all his worries and sorrows to Maharishi Kashyap. Maharishi Kashyap was a great sage, he told the king that you should perform a yagya to get a son. According to the statement of Maharishi, the king performed a huge yajna, due to the fast and influence of the yajna, Queen Malini gave birth to a son. But the child born was dead. When the king got this bad news, he was very sad. Then suddenly a goddess appeared in front of the king. The goddess revived the king’s son. The king was very pleased with this grace of the goddess and praised Shashti Devi. Just since then this festival is being celebrated.
Where is this festival celebrated in India?
In India, this festival is mostly celebrated in the state of Bihar. Apart from this, it is celebrated in Uttar Pradesh, Jharkhand and West Bengal.
What is the story of Chhath festival to be told in brief?
According to a legend, the first gods and demons were defeated in the war, then Dev Mata Aditi worshiped the sixth Maya in the Sun temple of Devaranya to get a brilliant child. As a result, Aditi got the Tridev form Aditya, who had given victory to the gods over the demons. According to another belief, on the day of the establishment of the kingdom of Rama after the conquest of Lanka, Lord Rama and Mother Sita also worshiped the Sun God on the sixth day of Kartik Shukla. The account of Chhath festival is also found in the Mahabharata period. Anga Raj Karna was a great devotee of Lord Surya, he used to offer Ardhya to the Sun every day, even today Arghya donation is the main worship method in Chhath. Chhath Puja is a form of a very beautiful link between nature and living beings. Anyone can complete this festival with simple daily things and determination.
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